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Audio's Daniel Bensaïd

Audio's Daniel Bensaïd

1983 l'histoire de la Quatrième Internationale 1933 – 1979 1

17 January 2017

Cet enregistrement est issu d'une formation de trois jours consacrée à l'histoire de la Quatrième Internationale. Bensaid distingue trois grandes périodes: a) les années de formation 1933-1938, b) les années de l'après-guerre 1946-1965, c) la période de 1965-1968 à 1979 - l'année du grand congrès mondial. L'exposé concerne ces grandes périodes et les aborde par le prisme des perspectives de construction de l'Internationale (et, dans une moindre mesure, de la section), et des problèmes qui y sont liés.

1983 l'histoire de la Quatrième Internationale 1933 – 1979 3

17 January 2017

Bensaid expose les premiers pas de la création d'une nouvelle Internationale par Trotsky. Concernant la base politique de la lutte internationale, la première chose à faire était de rassembler tous les documents programmatiques fondamentaux de la Troisième Internationale. Cela concerne notamment les questions sur la Révolution Russe : la question de l'Etat, celle de la forme de la dictature du prolétariat, les premières années de l'organisation sovietique, puis la discussion intervenue lors des troisième et quatrième congrès sur le front unique.

1983 The Fourth International 1945 – 1968 1

17 January 2017

This lecture is composed of two main parts: the post-war condition (36-50), and the years of the splits in the FI (50-56). Bensaïd mentions Trotsky's expectation that the Second World War would be a repetition of the first in the sense that it would trigger revolutions. However, with the expectations not met, comrades had to rethink the situation after the war. Bensaïd mentions the world congress of 46 as an important moment, which brought together the leftist forces that were dispersed during the war.

1983 The Fourth International 1945 – 1968 2

17 January 2017

Bensaïd starts this lecture with a mention of Ernest Mandel's "What Should Be Modified and What Should Be Maintained in the Theses of the Second World Congress of the Fourth International on the Question of Stalinism?", alternatively known as "Ten Theses," and Michel Pablo's "Where Are We Going?".  He then moves onto the organisational consequences of the period following the splits of 1952 and 1954 and discusses the isolation of sections; "How to survive this isolation without becoming crystallised into a small sectarian group?" A reconsideration and reformulation of the tasks of the Fourt

1983 The Fourth International 1945 – 1968 3

17 January 2017

In this part of his lecture, Bensaïd mentions the discussions that were enabled by the reunification, primarily around the implications of entryist tactics, although the main agreement in the reunification was that the discussion of entryism should be suspended. The Soviet-Chinese conflict developed in 1960 after the last big world conference of communist parties that brought together 81 of them.

1983 The Fourth Internation after 1968 1

17 January 2017

Bensaïd starts with a chronology and introduces the two parts of his lecture: 1- Ninth World Congress (April 1969) and Tenth World Congress (December 1973); 2- Eleventh World Congress. He provides an in-depth information on the years leading to the Ninth World Congress such as the defeat in Indonesia, the coup d'etat in Algeria, American intervention in Santa Domingo, the beginning of bombings in Vietnam, May 68 in France, Czechoslovakian spring, fights in Mexico and Pakistan, big international demonstration in Berlin, etc.

1983 The Fourth International after 1968 2

17 January 2017

In this part of the lecture, Bensaïd commences with a criticism of the Ninth World Congress, considering that its resolutions arrived late considering the context of, mainly, Latin America. He then gives a detailed context of the political condition in Latin America and a detailed analysis of political positions as well as debates. He continues a criticism of the Ninth World Congress on two points: The political context for the discussion of armed struggle was misconceived; secondly, general definitions and concrete experiences were different.

La presse révolutionnaire

17 January 2017

Au cours de cet exposé, Bensaid recherche l'équilibre entre généralités et spécificités et tente d'analyser plusieurs thématiques relatives à la presse révolutionnaire, notamment : - la définition générale de la fonction de la presse et du journal central dans la construction du groupe ou de l'organisation révolutionnaire ; - la définition du journal dans sa fonction politico-organisationnelle ; - l'importance du journal surtout en cas d'inégalités surtout en cas d'inégalités dans l'accès aux médias traditionnels ou encore lorsque les conditions font que faire de la presse est difficile ; -

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